JOURNAL ARTICLE

Idiopathic intracranial hypertension: Proposal of a stratification strategy for monitoring risk of disease progression

Chiazor U Onyia, Ibironke O Ogunbameru, Oluwamuyiwa A Dada, Oluwafemi F Owagbemi, Fred S Ige-Orhionkpaibima, Oluseun A Olarewaju, Edward O Komolafe
Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery 2019, 179: 35-41
30818126

OBJECTIVES: A general consensus based on a multidisciplinary perspective involving an international panel was recently developed for management of patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). In this paper, the authors sought to develop further on the aspect of this consensus that concerns monitoring progression of the disease.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: A systematic literature review of previous publications on monitoring disease progression in IIH and a meta-analysis to examine efficacy of method of monitoring employed in each study. The authors present a brief descriptive analysis of challenges with monitoring progression of the disease and propose a risk stratification to aid monitoring.

RESULTS: Of a total of 382 publications identified from the literature search, only 8 studies (144 patients) satisfied inclusion criteria and were included for analysis. Among these, 3 were based on ICP monitoring while the remaining 5 focused on ophthamological evaluation. Interestingly, there were neither any studies on monitoring with progression of clinical features nor any study on monitoring with symptomatology associated with IIH among the selected studies.

CONCLUSION: There is a paucity of studies in the literature on methods of monitoring disease progression in IIH. Though close attention to adequate evaluation and proper care of patients with IIH remains the key in managing this problem, this proposed risk stratification will be an objective tool and useful guide to better monitor these patients according to their extent of risk from the disease and possibly for planning treatment and intervention.

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