Current guidelines and treatment paradigms for nocturnal polyuria: A "NEW" disease state for US physicians, patients and payers

Eric S W Li, Viktor X Flores, Jeffrey P Weiss
International Journal of Clinical Practice 2019, 73 (8): e13337
Nocturia is one of the most bothersome symptoms encountered in urology, and its prevalence rises with age. Causes include both urological and non-urological aetiologies, often in combination. The effects of nocturia on a patient's quality of life can be detrimental. The initial approach to managing this condition includes appropriately classifying nocturia based on the results of a 24-hour bladder diary. Broadly, the categories under which nocturia can be classified include: low nocturnal or global bladder capacity, nocturnal polyuria, global polyuria and mixed.Based on the type of nocturia and possible underlying causes, clinicians can appropriately discuss with patients the treatment plans that may include a combination of behavioural, pharmacologic, and invasive therapy. The available literature on the management of nocturia was reviewed. Findings were incorporated into a practice-based approach for its workup and treatment.

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