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Performance evaluation of the X-sight spine tracking system for abdominal tumors distal to spine: A 2D dosimetric analysis

Selami Eken, Faruk Zorlu, Mete Yeginer, Gokhan Ozyigit
Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists 2019 February 21
The X-sight spine tracking system was integrated with Cyberknife unit to deliver radiosurgery treatments for spinal tumors without fiducial placement. However the tracking system can also be used for the treatment of abdominal tumors located in a certain distance from the spine. The aim of our study is to evaluate the tracking performance of the X-sight spine system for abdominal tumors distal to spine based on the 3 factors: tumor distance from the reference vertebra, the angle of tumor with the vertebra, and the amplitude of tumor motion due to respiration. An experimental setup was designed mainly with ovine lumbar vertebrae and the BrainLab ExacTrac gating phantom. Planning Target Volume (PTV) structures were delineated at different vertical distances from the reference vertebra. The dosimetric measurements were taken with GafChromic EBT3 film placed between slab phantoms so that they corresponded to centers of the target volumes. Dosimetric comparisons were performed based on dose-volume parameters and the gamma analysis. The measurements were then repeated for the same experimental conditions by using the Synchrony system to compare tracking performances. Using the X-sight system, percentage differences between the dose-volume parameters of the Treatment Planning System (TPS) calculations and the EBT3 film readings went up to 12% for the motion amplitude of 8 mm. The differences decreased with small motions while angles and vertical distances of the lesion locations did not induce major changes in dose discrepancies. Percentages of pixels passing gamma analysis were found to be below the acceptance threshold of 95%. Using the Synchrony system, the measured dose distributions had more similar patterns with those of the TPS system such that the percentage differences in the dose parameters were less than 4% and the gamma passing rates were found to be higher than 95%. Our results showed that the X-sight spine system should not be chosen for tracking abdominal tumors distal to the spine or osseous structures because of the effect of diaphragmatic motion on entire abdominal region. The fiducial-based Synchrony tracking system can be preferred for these tumors.


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