Modifying release of poorly soluble active pharmaceutical ingredients with the amine functionalized SBA-16 type mesoporous materials

Barbara Jadach, Agnieszka Feliczak-Guzik, Izabela Nowak, Bartłomiej Milanowski, Hanna Piotrowska-Kempisty, Marek Murias, Janina Lulek
Journal of Biomaterials Applications 2019 February 21, : 885328219830823
SBA-16 and two modified SBA-16 type ordered mesoporous silica were used as the carriers for ibuprofen (anti-inflammatory drug) and furosemide (loop diuretic drug). Modification of the solid carrier was prepared with chitosan or N-3[(amino(poly-propylenoxy)]aminopropyltrimethoxysilane. The samples of carriers and carrier-drug loaded materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction, N2 adsorption, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetry, and differential scanning calorimetry. The release profiles of active pharmaceutical ingredients were performed in media with different pH in the USP 2 apparatus as well as in two biorelevant media (fasted state simulated gastric fluid and fasted state small intestinal fluid) in USP 4 apparatus. The loading of active substances into mesoporous materials was performed with modified immersion method. The maximum content of deposited drug in mesoporous material was close to 12.0 and 2.2 wt.% for ibuprofen and furosemide, respectively. After drug adsorption, the reduction of BET surface area, pore volume and pore diameter of non-modified and modified SBA-16 was observed, while the cubic arrays of siliceous matrix were well preserved. The release profiles of ibuprofen and furosemide loaded in mesoporous materials in media with different pH and biorelevant fasted state simulated gastric fluid and fasted state small intestinal fluid showed that the new SBA-16 type materials modify the release profiles of furosemide, increasing the dissolution rate of these substances in the medium at pH 1.2. The cytotoxicity of the materials and permeability of drugs after their loading on SBA-16 materials were evaluated on Caco-2 model. The results of our study showed that mesoporous materials did not exert cytotoxic effects and did not influence on the permeability of both active pharmaceutical ingredients in relation to pure substances.

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