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A hydrogel derived from acellular blood vessel extracellular matrix to promote angiogenesis

Wei Fu, Peng Xu, Bei Feng, Yang Lu, Jie Bai, Jialiang Zhang, Wenjie Zhang, Meng Yin
Journal of Biomaterials Applications 2019 February 21, : 885328219831055
The biocompatibility and bioactivity of injectable acellular extracellular matrix nominates its use as an optimal candidate for cell delivery, serving as a reconstructive scaffold. In this study, we investigated the feasibility of preparing a blood vessel matrix (BVM) hydrogel, which revealed its pro-angiogenic effects in vitro and its therapeutic effects in an in vivo skin flap model. Aortic and abdominal aortic arteries from pigs were acellularized by Triton-X 100 and confirmed by hematoxylin and eosin and 4,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole staining. Different concentrations of blood vessel matrix hydrogel were generated successfully through enzymatic digestion, neutralization, and gelation. Hematoxylin and eosin staining, Masson's trichrome staining, collagen type I immunohistochemistry staining, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays showed that type I collagen and some growth factors were retained in the hydrogel. Scanning electron microscopy demonstrated the different diametric fibrils in blood vessel matrix hydrogels. A blood vessel matrix hydrogel-coated plate promoted the tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells in vitro. After injection into skin flaps, the hydrogel improved the flap survival rate and increased blood perfusion and capillary density. These results indicated that we successfully prepared a blood vessel matrix hydrogel and demonstrated its general characteristics and angiogenic effects in vitro and in vivo.


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