Read by QxMD icon Read

Metformin limits apoptosis in primary rat cortical astrocytes subjected to oxygen and glucose deprivation

Bożena Gabryel, Sebastian Liber
Folia Neuropathologica 2018, 56 (4): 328-336
Metformin, a type 2 anti-diabetic drug and an activator of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), has been shown to reduce infarct size and pathological changes affecting astroglia in animal models of ischemic stroke. In this study, we evaluated how metformin affects cell viability, apoptosis and determined the role of AMPK, as well as JNK p46/p54 and p38 kinases, in the observed phenomena in the culture of primary rat cortical astrocytes subjected to 12 h of oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD). Metformin improved cell viability, reduced the fraction of apoptotic nuclei, and inhibited the activation of the executive caspase-3. Decreased activation of JNK p54 and p38 was associated with increased Bcl-XL expression and decreased mitochondrial leakage of cytochrome c. However, only cell viability and partially the fraction of apoptotic nuclei varied concomitantly with changes in AMPK activity, suggesting that AMPK is critical for metformin-mediated effects and regulates programmed cell death in a caspase-independent manner. Experiments with the inhibitors of JNK and p38 supports the role of these kinases in the drug-related inhibition of mitochondrial and extrinsic pathway of apoptosis.


You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Trending on Read

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"