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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Hydrogen sulfide enhances the effectiveness of mesenchymal stem cell therapy in rats with heart failure: In vitro preconditioning versus in vivo co-delivery

Maha Abdelmonem, Nancy N Shahin, Laila A Rashed, Hebat Allah A Amin, Ashraf A Shamaa, Amira A Shaheen
Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy 2019 February 18, 112: 108584
30784910
Stem cell therapy represents a promising therapeutic avenue for cardiac disorders, including heart failure. Although stem cell transplantation showed encouraging preliminary results, the outcomes of clinical studies are still unsatisfactory. This study aimed to compare the outcomes of two therapeutic approaches, in vivo co-delivery of sodium hydrogen sulfide (NaHS) concomitant with bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (BMSC) transplantation and in vitro preconditioning of BMSCs with NaHS, both of which are intended to promote the success of stem cell therapy in rats with isoprenaline-induced heart failure. Heart failure developed 4 weeks after the subcutaneous injection of isoprenaline (170 mg/kg) for 4 consecutive days. The in vivo approach involved the co-delivery of intraperitoneally administered NaHS concomitant with BMSC transplantation for a period of 14 days. The in vitro approach involved preconditioning BMSCs with NaHS for 30 min before transplantation. Compared to treatment with BMSCs alone, in vitro preconditioning of BMSCs with NaHS improved left ventricular function as measured by echocardiography and electrocardiography and enhanced stem cell homing, proliferation and differentiation as manifested by higher cardiac expression of GATA-4 and myocyte enhancer factor 2. Moreover, the measurement of cardiac transforming growth factor beta 1 levels and histopathological investigation revealed mitigated fibrosis and myocardial injury scores. Compared with BMSC therapy alone, the in vivo approach enhanced stem cell homing and differentiation, alleviated fibrosis and augmented vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression. In conclusion, NaHS can potentiate the efficiency of BMSC therapy for heart failure by in vitro preconditioning or in vivo co-delivery. The in vitro approach is superior with regard to improving cardiac function in addition to enhancing stem cell proliferation, while the in vivo approach is superior with regard to increasing cardiac VEGF and eNOS expression.

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