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Functionalized Photosensitive Gelatin Nanoparticles for Drug Delivery Application

Janicy Arantes Carvalho, Alexandro da Silva Abreu, Antonio Claudio Tedesco, Milton Beltrame Junior, Andreza Ribeiro Simioni
Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition 2019 February 19, : 1-14
In this study, zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) was loaded onto gelatin nanoparticles functionalized with polyelectrolytes (polystyrene sulfonate/polyallylamine hydrochloride) by layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly. The process yield and the encapsulation efficiency were 76.0% ± 2.5 and 86.0% ± 1.8, respectively. The functionalized photosensitive gelatin nanoparticles (FPGN) had a mean diameter of 396.5 ± 45.8 nm, narrow distribution size with a polydispersity index of 0.106. The obvious switching of zeta potential indicates successful alternating deposition of the polyanion PSS and polycation PAH directly on the gelatin nanoparticles. The in vitro drug release investigation found that the LbL deposited polyelectrolyte bilayer is very efficient to reduce the release rate and assuage the initial burst for drugs loaded in gelatin nanoparticles. The photobiological activity of FPGN was evaluated on mouse macrophage carcinoma line J774 A-1. The cells viability decreased with the increase of the light dose in the range of 1-10.0 . ZnPc-loaded in functionalized gelatin nanoparticles are the release systems that promise photodynamic therapy use.


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