Your institution is subscribed to Read Institutional Edition. Log in or Sign Up to read full text articles.


Pediatric tracheostomy first tube change: When is it safe?

R Woods, L Geyer, R Mehanna, J Russell
International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 2019, 120: 78-81

OBJECTIVES: The first tracheostomy tube change is typically performed on days 5-7 post-operatively, however recent international consensus guidelines suggested that, with maturation sutures, days 3-5 is appropriate. We evaluate whether a first tube change on day 2 post-operatively is safe and effective.

METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of all patients undergoing tracheostomy between 2009 and 2018. Exclusion criteria were patients on whom the senior authors did not operate, operations done elsewhere, cases where maturation sutures were not used or a patient died prior to first tube change. We noted patient details, indication for tracheostomy, the need for long-term ventilation, timing of the first tube change, decannulation and need for surgical closure of persistent tracheocutaneous fistula.

RESULTS: 93 patients were identified, of which 83 were included. The age range was 0-16 years, with the youngest day one of life and an overall mean age of 1.91 years. 59% of patients required long-term ventilation due to various co-morbidities. 26 patients (31%) underwent a first tube change on day 2 post-operatively. All these were uneventful and were irrespective of the patient's need for ventilation. Of the 42 patients who have subsequently been decannulated, 33 (79%) were noted to have a persistent tracheocutaneous fistula requiring surgical closure, four of whom needed revision closure.

CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that a first tube change on day 2 post-operatively is safe, facilitating earlier discharge from intensive care, allowing shorter length of sedation, earlier start to parent/carer training and wound assessment.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.