[Evidence-based surgery of rectal cancer]

M Grade, H Flebbe, B M Ghadimi
Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen 2019 February 13
Over the past four decades, the treatment algorithms for rectal cancer have fundamentally changed, which resulted in a considerable improvement of oncological outcomes. In this context, the surgical concept of total mesorectal excision and the implementation of multimodal treatment strategies represent key milestones. These improvements were complemented by a standardized histopathological work-up of the surgical specimen and the introduction of high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) diagnostics. In addition, novel surgical techniques have been introduced, such as laparoscopic and robotic rectal resection. Other technological innovations include intraoperative pelvic neuromonitoring and fluorescence imaging. This review highlights the current evidence for selected, sometimes controversially discussed principles of surgical treatment strategies in rectal cancer.

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