JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Wine cup stoma anastomosis after extended sleeve lobectomy for central-type squamous cell lung cancer.

BACKGROUND: Extended sleeve lobectomy is rarely applied to pulmonary surgery for primary lung cancer to avoid a pneumonectomy. As there is a size discrepancy between main bronchus and peripheral bronchus, ingenuity to improve anastomosis is required in the bronchoplasty. We report herein a case in which successful reconstruction of extended sleeve lobectomy with bronchial wall flap.

CASE PRESENTATION: We report on a 64-year-old man suffering from hemoptysis, cough, mild fever and dyspnea. His computed tomography (CT) scan showed solid tumor of 40 mm in diameter in left lower bronchus, which obstructed the lower bronchus and caused obstructive pneumonia of left lower lobe and expanded to second carina and pulmonary artery. His bronchoscopy showed that tumor was exposed in the bronchial lumen and infiltrated to left main bronchus and upper bronchus even though the scope could pass through the exposed tumor of upper bronchus. Transbronchial lung biopsy showed squamous cell carcinoma. He had undergone left sleeve lingular segmentectomy and left lower lobectomy. Reconstruction was performed with bronchial wall flap. Pathological findings revealed pT3N0M0 stage IIB according to UICC 8th edition. Postoperative bronchoscopic findings showed no troubles at the anastomotic site. He has been well for eighteen months without recurrence after surgery.

CONCLUSIONS: We experienced a successful case who was reconstructed with bronchial wall flap (wine cup stoma) after extended sleeve lobectomy. This technique might be also useful for other types of extended sleeve lobectomy and lung transplantation to adjust caliber changes of bronchi.

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