Symptomatic improvement using everolimus in infants with cardiac rhabdomyoma

Bhargavi Dhulipudi, Shweta Bhakru, Saileela Rajan, Vinoth Doraiswamy, Nageswara Rao Koneti
Annals of Pediatric Cardiology 2019, 12 (1): 45-48

Background: Cardiac rhabdomyoma (CR) often shows spontaneous regression and needs close follow-up. These tumors may be associated with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), caused by the disinhibition of m-TOR protein.

Objective: The aim of the study is to observe the efficacy of everolimus in infants with significant CR.

Materials and Methods: This is a single-center prospective observational study including infants with significant CR causing either clinical symptoms or obstruction to the blood flow. Everolimus was administered at a dose of 4.5 mg/M2/wk till the symptomatic improvement. Liver and renal function tests were monitored during treatment.

Results: There were six cases of suspected CR included in the study. Median age and weight of patients were 5 days (range: 1-90 days) and 3.2 kg (range: 2.2-4.5 kg), respectively. One patient was excluded after surgical excision biopsy during concomitant closure of associated large perimembranous ventricular septal defect confirmed it as a fibroma. The remaining all five cases showed regression of tumor during mean follow-up of 6.1 ± 5.1 months. One child developed varicella infection necessitating temporary discontinuation of medicine during follow-up. One case had sudden death at 4 months of age.

Conclusion: Everolimus appears to be useful in selected cases of symptomatic CR. Multicentric studies are needed to determine its safety and efficacy in larger population.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.