[Reoperation methods and effectiveness of urethral stricture after urethroplasty of hypospadias]

Xuejun Wang, Yunman Tang, Yu Mao, Daorui Qin, Shaoji Chen
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 February 1, 33 (2): 223-226

Objective: To discuss the reoperation methods of urethral stricture after urethroplasty of hypospadias and their effectiveness.

Methods: Between September 2010 and April 2018, 169 patients with urethral stricture after urethroplasty of hypospadias, who underwent ineffective conservative treatments first, were accepted. The age ranged from 1 year and 7 months to 41years with a median age of 5 years and 8 months. The stricture located at the external urethral orifice in 80 cases, internal anastomosis connection in 87 cases, and constructed urethra in 2 cases. The symptoms of urethral stricture occurred at 2 weeks to 52 months after urethroplasty, with a median time of 4.5 months. The patients with external urethral orifice stenosis were treated with urethral meatus augmentation (74 cases) and urethral advancement (6 cases). The patients with internal anastomosis connection stenosis were treated with internal urethrotomy with urethroscopy (10 cases), urethrotomy and one-stage urethroplasty (26 cases), and urethrostomy (51 cases) including 43 cases of two-stage urethroplasty. The patients with constructed urethral stricture were treated with urethrolysis.

Results: One hundred and fifty-four patients were followed up 6-86 months with an average of 47 months. The stenosis was relieved in 137 cases, and re-stenosis in 12 cases, urethral fistula in 4 cases, all of which were treated successfully. In addition, 1 case with mild urethral diverticulum did not need to be treated.

Conclusion: If it is ineffective for the conservative treatment of urethral stricture after urethroplasty of hypospadias, appropriate surgical treatments could be selected according to the location and length of the stricture, local tissue conditions, complications, and so on.

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