Monte Carlo dose verification for a single-isocenter VMAT plan in multiple brain metastases

Kento Hoshida, Fujio Araki, Takeshi Ohno, Hirofumi Tominaga, Kazuki Komatsu, Kentaro Tamura
Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists 2019 February 6
The purpose of this study was to verify the accuracy of dose calculation algorithms of a treatment planning system for a single-isocenter volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plan in multiple brain metastases, by comparing the dose distributions of treatment planning system with those of Monte Carlo (MC) simulations. We used a multitarget phantom containing 9 acrylic balls with a diameter of 15.9 mm inside a Lucy phantom measuring 17 × 17 × 17 cm3 . Seven VMAT plans were created using the multitarget phantom: 1 multitarget plan (MTP) and 6 single target plans (STP). Three of the STP plans had a large jaw field setting, almost equivalent to that of the MTP, while the other plans had a jaw field setting fitted to each planning target volume. The isocenter for all VMAT plans was set to the center of the phantom. The VMAT dose distributions were calculated using the analytical anisotropic algorithm (AAA) and were also recalculated through Acuros XB (AXB) and MC simulations under the same irradiation conditions. The AAA and AXB methods tended to overestimate dosage compared with the MC method in the MTP and in STPs with large jaw field settings. The dose distribution in single-isocenter VMAT plans for multiple brain metastases was influenced by jaw field settings. Finally, we concluded that MC-VMAT dose calculations are useful for 3D dose verification of single-isocenter VMAT plans for multiple brain metastases.

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