The Longitudinal Relationship Between Social Support and Physical Activity in Hispanics

Natalia I Heredia, Timothy J Walker, MinJae Lee, Belinda M Reininger
American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP 2019 February 7, : 890117119828919

PURPOSE: Social support has been identified as a determinant of physical activity (PA), but research has been primarily cross-sectional, with mixed findings for different Hispanic subgroups and limited longitudinal research with Hispanics. The purpose of this study is to assess the longitudinal associations of social support with PA in Hispanics on the Texas-Mexico Border.

DESIGN AND SAMPLE: We used 2 time points of data collected from Hispanic adults in the Cameron County Hispanic Cohort (N = 588).

MEASURES: We collected social support for PA and self-reported leisure-time PA.

ANALYSIS: We used cross-lagged panel models to assess the association between friend support, family support, family punishment (criticizing or complaining) and PA over time.

RESULTS: Although social support overall was low for PA, fully adjusted cross-lagged panel models indicated that time 1 friend support was associated with time 2 PA (adjusted rate ratio = 1.02, 95% confidence interval = 1.00 -1.04), though family support was not associated with time 2 PA. In males, time 1 friend support was inversely associated with time 2 family punishment.

CONCLUSION: As expected, the directionality of the relation appears to be from social support to PA. Friend support appears to be predictive of PA in Hispanics, whereas family support is not. This should be considered in intervention development, particularly because familismo (commitment and mutual obligation to family) is considered to be a strong value in these communities.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"