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Gynecologic cancers and solid organ transplantation

John B Liao, Cynthia E Fisher, Margaret M Madeleine
American Journal of Transplantation 2019, 19 (5): 1266-1277
Solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients have an approximately 2-fold greater risk of developing and dying from a malignancy compared to the general population. Among the gynecologic cancers, including uterine, cervical, vaginal, vulvar, and ovarian, the HPV-related cancers are known to increase among women posttransplant compared to women in the general population, but less is known about the risk of uterine and ovarian cancers. This review provides an overview of the epidemiology of gynecologic cancers after solid organ transplantation, as well as the pathophysiology, management, and specific risk factors associated with these cancers. Closer surveillance for cervical cancers is warranted and larger studies are needed to assess whether and how uterine and ovarian cancers are associated with excess incidence and mortality. Such studies may lead to improvements in screening, prevention, and treatment before and after transplantation.


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