Predictors of Inappropriate Proton Pump Inhibitors Use in Elderly Patients

Panagiota Voukelatou, Ioannis Vrettos, Georgia Emmanouilidou, Konstantinos Dodos, Georgia Skotsimara, Dimitra Kontogeorgou, Andreas Kalliakmanis
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research 2019, 2019: 7591045
Introduction. Overutilization of Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs) both in ambulatory care and in the inpatient setting possesses economic implications and increases the risk for adverse drug reactions. This study was undertaken to identify factors associated with inappropriate PPI use among consecutively unplanned admissions of elderly patients at the time of admission. Materials and Methods. In 758 patients (54.2% women), mean age 80.3±8.0 (M±1SD), demographic characteristics, and medical and medication history were recorded. Parametric tests and multiple logistic regression analysis were applied to identify the predictors of inappropriate PPI use. Results. 232 patients (30.6%) were receiving PPIs. 37 (4.9%) were receiving PPIs appropriately and 195 (25.7%) were receiving PPIs without a proper indication. Consequently, PPIs prescribing was inappropriate in 195/232 (84%). Moreover, 512 patients (67.5%) were not receiving PPIs appropriately and 14 patients (1.8%) were not receiving PPIs but they had a proper indication. When we compared patients receiving PPIs without a proper indication with those who were not receiving PPIs, a statistical difference was found according to Charlson Comorbidity Index (p≤0.001, U=37922.00), number of diseases (p≤0.001, U=33269.00) and medications (p≤0.001, U=31218.50), Katz Index score (p=0.01, U=45328.00), and the use of blood thinners (p≤0.001, χ 2 =21.15). In multivariate analysis the only independent predictor of inappropriate PPI use was the number of medications (p=0.001, OR=1.16, 95%CI 1.06-1.27). Conclusions. The main predictor of inappropriate PPI use was the number of received medications. Εfforts needed to apply the predefined criteria for PPI prescription and to deprescribe PPIs received inappropriately.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"