TPPA titer as a new adaptation for early diagnosis of congenital syphilis: a retrospective analysis of observation over three years in Yunnan, China

Hong-Mei Wang, Yu-Ye Li, Li-Ping He, Ying-Kui Cao, Tian-Xiang Dong, Yi-Qun Kuang
European Journal of Medical Research 2019 February 2, 24 (1): 7

BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of congenital syphilis (CS) is difficult. This study aimed to determine the serological response discipline of syphilis passive antibody (SPA) in infants born to mothers with syphilis and provide the basis for the early diagnosis of CS.

METHODS: Thirty-three infants born to mothers with syphilis and six infants with CS were recruited. The toluidine red unheated serum test (TRUST) and Treponema pallidum particle agglutination (TPPA) titers were followed up after birth.

RESULTS: The results showed that serological response in the serum of infants with the TPPA titer decreased threefold at 3rd month, or the titer dropped to a minimum of 1:40 at 9th month was SPA. The TPPA titer of 6 CS cases remained positive after 3-year follow-up, and the titer did not decline after treatment and maintained longer. The infants with TRUST titer ≥ 1:4 at birth were prone to become syphilis serofast, while TRUST titer < 1:4 turned to negative quickly.

CONCLUSION: In infants with SPA, the TRUST converted negative earlier than the TPPA. The lower the TPPA initial titer was, the shorter the seroreversion time required. The TPPA titer can be used to predict CS in infants born to mothers with syphilis.

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