Selective androgen receptor modulator, S42 has anabolic and anti-catabolic effects on cultured myotubes

Yoshimi Muta, Tomoko Tanaka, Yuriko Hamaguchi, Nobuya Hamanoue, Ryoko Motonaga, Makito Tanabe, Takashi Nomiyama, Hajime Nawata, Toshihiko Yanase
Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports 2019, 17: 177-181
We previously identified a novel selective androgen receptor modulator, S42, that does not stimulate prostate growth but has a beneficial effect on lipid metabolism. S42 also increased muscle weight of the levator ani in orchiectomized Sprague-Dawley rats. These findings prompted us to investigate whether S42 has a direct effect on cultured C2C12 myotubes. S42 significantly lowered expression levels of the skeletal muscle ubiquitin ligase (muscle atrophy-related gene), atrogin1 and Muscle RING-Finger Protein 1(MuRF1) in C2C12 myotubes, as determined by real time PCR. Phosphorylation of p70 S6 kinase (p70S6K), an essential factor for promoting protein synthesis in skeletal muscle, was significantly increased by S42 to almost the same extent as by insulin, but this was significantly prevented by treatment with rapamycin, an inhibitor of mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1). However, phosphorylation of Akt, upstream regulator of mTORC1, was not changed by S42. S42 did not increase insulin-like growth factor 1 ( Igf1 ) mRNA levels in C2C12 myotubes. These results suggest that S42 may have an anabolic effect through activation of mTORC1-p70S6K signaling, independent of IGF-1-Akt signaling and may exert an anti-catabolic effect through inhibition of the degradation pathway in cultured C2C12 myotubes.

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