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Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding on 3566 patients up to 20-year follow-up: Long-term results of a standardized technique.

BACKGROUND: As obesity is a chronic disease, any bariatric procedure should be validated by long-term results.

OBJECTIVE: To present our long-term results after laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding over a period of >20 years and to investigate the outcomes in terms of efficacy, complications, and reoperations.

SETTING: Private practice, Italy.

METHODS: From October 1995 to February 2018, 3566 laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding were performed by a single surgeon. Data were retrieved from a prospectively collected computer database and retrospectively analyzed. Furthermore, patients were stratified according to body mass index and age and results are evaluated for each subgroup.

RESULTS: All the operations were performed laparoscopically without any mortality and/or major specific complications. Nine hundred twenty-six patients (71.6%) completed at least 10-years follow-up and 180 (58.4%) reached 15-years follow-up. There was a mean of 49%, 52.6%, and 59.2% of excess weight loss at 10, 15, and 20 years, respectively. Major late complications were pouch herniation-dilation (5.8%) and erosion (2.5%), both solved by a replicable, less invasive operation. Total reoperation rate was 24.1%.

CONCLUSION: Our experience suggested that the combination of a standardized surgical technique and close patient follow-up, performed in collaboration with an interdisciplinary team, may make the laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding system a powerful long-term surgical tool in the treatment of morbid obesity. The best results were obtained in young patients with high body mass index but results were also satisfactory in elderly patients and in those with low body mass index.

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