The evidence-based preoperative assessment for the otolaryngologist

Christopher Nickel, Daniel Segarra, Tapan Padhya, Matthew Mifsud
Laryngoscope 2020, 130 (1): 38-44
There is a narrow window of opportunity between surgical scheduling and the operative date to optimize patients for an elective surgical procedure. Traditionally, preoperative care has involved extended routine testing batteries with intermittent referrals for medical clearance. These traditions are costly, inefficient, and yield no clear reduction in perioperative morbidity and mortality. Evidence, which has evolved over the past decade, suggests that optimal preoperative care requires a patient-centric, personalized, and often multidisciplinary approach. We present an up-to-date overview of this literature with a focus on the otolaryngologic surgical population. An algorithmic approach to preoperative patient assessment is also proposed in hopes of both optimizing patient outcome and streamlining routine clinical workflow. Laryngoscope, 130:38-44, 2020.

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