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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Molecular Characterization of Recombinant Strains of Potato virus Y From Saudi Arabia

Mohamad Chikh-Ali, Hayam Alruwaili, Dalton Vander Pol, Alexander V Karasev
Plant Disease 2016, 100 (2): 292-297
30694145
Potato virus Y (PVY) exists as a complex of strains, many of which are recombinants. The practical importance of PVY recombinant strains has increased due to their ability to induce potato tuber necrotic ring spot disease (PTNRD) that seriously affects tuber quality. In Saudi Arabia, potato production has increased fivefold during the last three decades, reaching 460,000 tons per year. Although PVY has been reported as one of the main viruses affecting potatoes, no information is available on PVY strains circulating in the country. In August 2014, a survey was conducted in a seed potato field at Al-Jouf, Saudi Arabia. PVY-positive samples selected based on visual symptoms and serological reactivity were subjected to strain typing using multiplex RT-PCR assays and were determined to represent recombinant PVY strains. Whole genome sequences were determined for two representative isolates, S2 and S9, through direct sequencing of a series of overlapping RT-PCR fragments for each isolate, and found to represent strains PVY-NE11 and PVYZ (SYR-III), respectively. One of the recombinant types, SYR-III, was previously found in nearby Syria and Jordan, but the second recombinant, PVY-NE11, was found before only in the United States. Both recombinants, PVY-NE11 and SYR-III, were previously found associated with PTNRD and thought to be rare. The current identification of PVY-NE11 and SYR-III in seed potato in a new geographic region suggests that these recombinants may not be as rare as previously believed. This is the first report on the occurrence of recombinant strains of PVY in potato in Saudi Arabia, and the first report on the PVY-NE11 strain of PVY found in potato outside of the United States.

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