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Septic arthritis of the hip and knee treated surgically in pediatric patients: Analysis of the Kids' Inpatient Database

Mikhail Tretiakov, Frank S Cautela, Sarah E Walker, Joanne C Dekis, George A Beyer, Jared M Newman, Neil V Shah, Jenna Borrelli, Sharan T Shah, Anter S Gonzales, Jennifer M Cushman, John P Reilly, Jeffrey M Schwartz, Claude B Scott, Khalid Hesham
Journal of Orthopaedics 2019, 16 (1): 97-100

Objective: This study evaluated incidence over time, any association between race and demographics, and hospital-related parameters in pediatric patients with septic hip or knee arthritis.

Methods: The Kids' Inpatient Database was used to identify all children with a diagnosis of septic hip or knee arthritis who underwent incision and drainage (1997-2012).

Results: Between 1997 and 2012, overall incidence of septic arthritis of the knee (0.20-0.33 per 100,000) and hip (0.12-0.18 per 100,000) increased.

Conclusion: Incidence of pediatric septic joint arthritis, an emergent orthopaedic condition, has increased over time. Patient demographics may vary with respect to both age and race.


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