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Our Timing to Remove Peritoneal Catheter Dialysis After Kidney Transplant.

BACKGROUND: Patients on peritoneal dialysis treatment represent 15% of the global dialysis population. The major complication of peritoneal dialysis is catheter and peritoneal infection. Peritoneal dialysis patients who receive kidney transplants are at increased risk of infection because of immunosuppressive therapy.

AIM: The purpose of this study is to show our ideal timing to remove peritoneal catheter after kidney transplant, which gives adequate security on renal function recovery and reduction of septic risk.

METHOD OF STUDY: We analyzed the outcomes of 65 patients on peritoneal dialysis who underwent kidney transplant between 2000 and 2016.

RESULTS: In 61 cases there was an immediate graft functional recovery. In 4 cases there was a delayed graft function (DGF), and we performed a hemodialysis with temporary placement of a venous catheter. In all patients we removed peritoneal dialysis catheter 30 to 45 days after transplant. There has been 1 case of catheter infection, which was treated with antibiotic therapy.

DISCUSSION: Our average time to remove the peritoneal dialysis catheter was shorter than times in previous studies, between the 30th and 45th postoperative day. In the 4 cases in which there has been a DGF, we performed hemodialysis treatment to avoid, in the immediate postoperative period, direct insults to the peritoneum by local dialysis procedures.

CONCLUSION: Our experience show that the 30th to 45th postoperative day is a good time frame, better yet a good watershed between the safe removal of peritoneal catheter when patients have a stabilized renal function and the possibility of leaving it in situ, to resume peritoneal dialysis in case of persistent DGF.

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