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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Association of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the CYBA gene with coal workers' pneumoconiosis in the Han Chinese population

Baojun Yuan, Wei Yuan, Xiaoting Wen, Chao Li, Lichang Gao, Baolin Li, Dongmei Wang, Liufu Cui, Yongzhe Li
Inhalation Toxicology 2019 January 18, : 1-6
30654669
Coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) is caused by long-term exposure to inhaled coal dust; it is likely influenced by the interaction between environmental factors and multiple susceptibility genes, such as the CYBA (cytochrome b-245α polypeptide) gene that has recently been identified to be involved in the genetic susceptibility for several pulmonary diseases. The aim of this case-control study was to explore the association between CYBA gene polymorphisms and the development of CWP in coal miners belonging to the Han ethnic group in China. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs7195830, rs13306296, rs4673, rs9932581, and rs16966671 of the CYBA gene were analyzed in CWP patients (n = 652) and dust-exposed control subjects (n = 648) using the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) on the Sequenom MassARRAY® platform (Sequenom, San Diego, CA, USA). Results from the present study showed a strong allele association between CWP patients and the CYBA SNP rs7195830 polymorphism (p < .001, OR = 1.550). Using the additive and the dominant model, the CYBA SNP rs7195830 polymorphism also showed significant associations with CWP patients (p < .001, OR = 1.621; p = .003, OR = 1.711, respectively). No statistically significant difference was demonstrated in either the allele or genotype frequencies of the other four examined SNPs (rs13306296, rs4673, rs9932581, and rs16966671) between the CWP group and dust-exposed control group (all p > .05). The present study is the first to have demonstrated an association between CYBA (rs7195830) polymorphism and the risk of developing CWP in subjects belong to the Han ethnic group in China and provides further clues for research into the pathogenesis of CWP.

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