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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Atrial Fibrillation: A Review of Modifiable Risk Factors and Preventive Strategies

Alireza Sepehri Shamloo, Nikolaos Dagres, Arash Arya, Gerhard Hindricks
Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine 2018 December 1
30648669
Atrial fibrillation (AF), as the most common cardiac arrhythmia worldwide, is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Successful therapeutic strategies have been introduced so far, but they are associated with significant costs. Therefore, identification of modifiable risk factors of AF and the development of appropriate preventive strategies may play a substantial role in promoting community health and reducing health care system costs. Modifiable cardiovascular risk factors including obesity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obstructive sleep apnea, alcohol consumption, smoking, and sedentary lifestyles have been proposed as possible contributors to the development and progression of AF. In this review, we discuss the role of modifiable risk factors in the development and management of AF and the evidence for the underlying mechanism for each of the potential risk factor.

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