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The Relationship between Blood Pressure Variability, Recanalization Degree, and Clinical Outcome in Large Vessel Occlusive Stroke after an Intra-Arterial Thrombectomy

Jun Young Chang, Sang Beom Jeon, Jung Hwa Lee, O-Ki Kwon, Moon-Ku Han
Cerebrovascular Diseases 2019 January 15, 46 (5-6): 279-286

BACKGROUND: Blood pressure variability (BPV) is associated with target organ damage progression and increased cardiovascular events, including stroke. The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between short-term BPV during acute periods and recanalization degree, early neurological deterioration (END) occurrence, and functional outcomes in acute ischemic stroke patients who had undergone intra-arterial thrombectomy (IAT).

METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 303 patients with large vessel occlusive stroke who underwent IAT. The following BPV parameters, measured over 24 and 48 h after IAT, were compared: the mean, SD, coefficient of variation (CV), variation independent of the mean (VIM) for both the systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP, and the proportion of nocturnal SBP risers.

RESULTS: BPV parameters decreased with higher recanalization degree. The mean SBP (SBPmean) over 24 and 48 h after IAT, and the SD of SBP (SBPSD), CV of SBP (SBPCV), and VIM of SBP (SBPVIM) during the 48 h following the procedure had significant associations with recanalization degree. Patients with END had higher BPV than that of those without END, and the difference was more evident for incomplete recanalization. Increased BPV was associated with a shift toward poor functional outcome at 3 months after adjustment, including recanalization degree (OR range for significant parameters, 1.26-1.64, p = 0.006 for 48 h SBPmean, p = 0.003 for 48 h SBPCV, otherwise p < 0.002).

CONCLUSIONS: Short-term BPV over 24 and 48 h after IAT in acute ischemic stroke patients was related to recanalization degree, and END occurrence, and may be an independent predictor of clinical outcome.


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