The Functional Mechanisms of miR-30b-5p in Acute Lung Injury in Children

Ting Zhou, Yong-Li Chen
Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research 2019 January 2, 25: 40-51
BACKGROUND Acute lung injury in children is a complicated disease linked to the inflammation response. MicroRNA (miRNA) plays a vital role in acute lung injury. However, the role of miR-30b-5p in the pathogenesis of acute lung injury is not clear. The purpose of our study was to investigate the alteration of miR-30b-5p, suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3), in children with acute lung injury, and also in a mouse model of acute lung injury induced by the endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS). MATERIAL AND METHODS The levels of miR-30b-5p, SOCS3, FKN (fractalkine), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, NF-κB (nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and IL-8 were detected by ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), western blot, and qRT-PCR (quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction) assay. The alveolar permeability index and the ratio of wet weight/dry weight (W/D) were measured. Then, we examined the inflammation and apoptosis using hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and TUNEL (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling) assay. Additionally, SOCS3 was investigated as a direct target of miR-30a-5p in RAW264.7 cells by dual-luciferase reporter assays. RESULTS Our study indicated that the level of miR-30b-5p was decreased and the levels of SOCS3, FKN, TNF-α, NF-κB, IL-6, and IL-8 were increased in lung tissue, serum, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of mice with acute lung injury induced by LPS. In addition, LPS increased alveolar permeability index and the ratio of W/D and induced inflammatory responses, including the activation of the NF-kB pathway in a mouse model. Furthermore, SOCS3 was confirmed to be a target of miR-30a-5p in RAW264.7 cells. CONCLUSIONS Our data demonstrated an important role for miR-30b-5p in acute lung injury inflammation and suggested that miR-30b-5p might be an important therapy target in children with acute lung injury.

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