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Implant Arthroplasty versus Arthrodesis for the Treatment of Advanced Hallux Rigidus: A Meta-analysis of Comparative Studies

Young Hwan Park, Jae Hyun Jung, Seong Hyun Kang, Gi Won Choi, Hak Jun Kim
Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons 2019, 58 (1): 137-143
Implant arthroplasty and arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint are the main surgical treatment options for advanced hallux rigidus. The superiority of each modality continues to be debated, because there are few high-quality evidence-based studies, such as randomized controlled clinical trials or meta-analyses of comparative studies. The purpose of this study was to identify whether implant arthroplasty or arthrodesis is superior for the treatment of advanced hallux rigidus through meta-analysis of comparative studies. A comprehensive search of the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane library databases was conducted. Only retrospective or prospective comparative studies were included in this meta-analysis. The literature search, data extraction, and quality assessment were conducted by 2 independent reviewers. The primary outcomes were clinical scores and patient satisfaction. The rate of reoperation and complication were also investigated. Seven comparative studies were included (2 prospective and 5 retrospective studies). There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society-Hallux Metatarsophalangeal Interphalangeal score, patient satisfaction rate, reoperation rate, or complication rate. The visual analogue scale for pain was significantly lower in the arthrodesis group than the implant arthroplasty group. This meta-analysis revealed that implant arthroplasty and arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint led to similar clinical outcomes, patient satisfaction, reoperation rates, and complication rates, whereas pain was significantly lower in arthrodesis. Further studies of high methodological quality are required to confirm these conclusions.


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