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[Retroperitoneal fibrosis in adults: Diagnostic approach based on a retrospective multicenter study on 32 cases].

Progrès en Urologie 2018 December 20
INTRODUCTION: Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a rare disease, typically with an insidious and various clinical course. The peak incidence is seen in patients 40 to 60 years of age and mostly in man. The characteristic finding in this disease is a periaortic fibrous mass that often surrounds the ureters. The diagnostic approach remains uncodified. We aimed to determine the different clinical, radiological and biological aspects of retroperitoneal fibrosis.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective multicenter study of 32 retroperitoneal fibrosis cases hospitalized between 1999 and 2014 in the Internal Medicine Department and Urology Department in the university hospital center Sahloul Sousse.

RESULTS: There were 24 men and 8 women with a mean age of 58 years. The lumbar pain is the most common clinical signs (53.1%). An inflammatory syndrome and renal failure were the most common biological signs. The diagnosis was suspected on data from the abdominal ultrasound and confirmed by pelvic CT scan that showed a periaortic fibrous mass that often surrounds the ureters. Histological analysis of a surgical biopsy specimen was performed in only eight cases.

CONCLUSION: The most common mode of presentation of retroperitoneal fibrosis remains lumbar pain with renal failure and a high sedimentation rate. Although abdominal ultrasound may contribute to the general evaluation of patients with retroperitoneal fibrosis, CT-scanner is the preferred imaging method. The imaging capability of magnetic resonance and the TEP-scan may facilitate assessment of disease extent.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.

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