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Mitral Valve Repair with a Semi-Rigid C-Band Annuloplasty Ring in Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation: Still a Viable Surgical Option?

BACKGROUND: Ischemic mitral valve regurgitation (IMR) develops in approximately 10% of patients after myocardial infarction. Surgical management of IMR is controversial, as many series have failed to demonstrate the superiority of mitral valve repair (MVRep) over mitral valve replacement (MVR) in IMR. Moreover, in the setting of MVRep, the choice of ring type is the subject of much debate. The study aim was to evaluate the results of MVRep in IMR with the use of a semi-rigid incomplete C-ring.

METHODS: Between January 2006 and May 2014, a total of 105 patients (79 males, 26 females; mean age 69 ± 8 years) underwent surgical MVRep using a semi-rigid incomplete ring (median size 30 mm) during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) to treat IMR. The patients' mean logistic EuroSCORE was 14 ± 12, and the preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction was 43 ± 11%. The mean duration of follow up was 48 ± 31 months, and was 100% complete.

RESULTS: In-hospital mortality was 6.6% (n = 7). The main predictor of in-hospital mortality was cardiopulmonary bypass time (p <0.05). Echocardiography performed at discharge showed moderate mitral regurgitation (MR) in only one patient, and significant reductions in left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (p <0.0001) and MR grade (p <0.0001). After seven years, freedom from all-cause death was 73 ± 9%, while freedoms from recurrence of MR grade ≥2 and NYHA class >II were 95 ± 3% and 89 ± 4%, respectively. Freedom from reintervention was 100%.

CONCLUSIONS: Despite the adverse prognosis of IMR, the present study demonstrated the effectiveness and durability of mitral valve repair with the use of a semi-rigid ring, as a concomitant procedure to CABG, showing good results in terms of recurrence of MR and event-free survival at mid-term follow up.

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