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Bone cell biology: the regulation of development, structure, and function in the skeleton

S C Marks, S N Popoff
American Journal of Anatomy 1988, 183 (1): 1-44
Bone cells compose a population of cells of heterogeneous origin but restricted function with respect to matrix formation, mineralization, and resorption. The local, mesenchymal origin of the cells which form the skeleton contrasts with their extraskeletal, hemopoietic relatives under which bone resorption takes place. However, the functions of these two diverse populations are remarkably related and interdependent. Bone cell regulation, presently in its infancy, is a complicated cascade involving a plethora of local and systemic factors, including some components of the skeletal matrices and other organ systems. Thus, any understanding of bone cell regulation is a key ingredient in understanding not only the development, maintenance, and repair of the skeleton but also the prevention and treatment of skeletal disorders.

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