JOURNAL ARTICLE

Serum inhibin B concentration as a predictor of age at first menstruation in girls with idiopathic central precocious puberty

Jérémie Tencer, Pierre Lemaire, Sylvie Brailly-Tabard, Raja Brauner
PloS One 2018, 13 (12): e0205810
30550563

OBJECTIVE: To compare the serum inhibin B, anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and leptin concentrations in girls with idiopathic central precocious puberty (CPP) to their concomitant characteristics and evaluate the capacity of each of these hormones to predict the age at first menstruation in those who were untreated and who completed their puberty.

METHODS: This single-center study included 94 girls selected from a cohort of 493 girls seen between 1981 and 2012 and diagnosed with idiopathic CPP for whom a remaining serum sample collected at the initial evaluation was available. Of these 25 were untreated and completed their puberty.

RESULTS- CORRELATIONS AT INITIAL EVALUATION: In the whole cohort the inhibin B concentration displayed significant positive correlations with the age at the onset of puberty and at initial evaluation; bone age; breast Tanner stage; serum basal estradiol, luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and AMH concentrations, LH peak and LH/FSH peak ratio. The AMH concentration displayed a significant positive correlation with serum estradiol and a negative correlation with basal FSH concentration. The leptin concentration displayed significant positive correlations with the age at initial evaluation, bone age, and body mass index and a negative correlation with the FSH peak.

RESULTS- PREDICTION OF AGE AT FIRST MENSTRUATION: In 25 untreated girls, the inhibin B concentration was negatively correlated with the age at first menstruation (r = -0.61, p = 0.001) and the time between the onset of puberty and first menstruation (r = -0.59, p = 0.002). Inhibin B concentrations <30 pg/mL were associated with a time between the onset of puberty and first menstruation ≥3 years in 14/15 patients with a sensitivity of 0.67 and a specificity of 0.75. The age at first menstruation was estimated using a formula: min (11.15-0.510 LH/FSH peak ratio, 11.57-0.025 inhibin B)available at: http://www.kamick.org/lemaire/med/girls-cpp18.html.

CONCLUSION: We established formulas based on the serum inhibin B concentrations and LH/FSH peak ratio at the initial evaluation, alone or in combination, to predict the age at first menstruation in girls with CPP. These formulas can assist with determining the indications for treatment in CPP.

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