A low GLP-1 response among patients treated for acute organophosphate and carbamate poisoning: a comparative cross-sectional study from an agrarian region of Sri Lanka

Devarajan Rathish, Indika Senavirathna, Channa Jayasumana, Suneth Agampodi, Sisira Siribaddana
Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 2018 November 29
Higher incidence of diabetes along with increased use of pesticides is seen in Southeast Asia. Recent hypothesis postulated a link between acetylcholinesterase inhibitor insecticides and type 2 diabetes through the GLP-1 pathway. This study compares the GLP-1 response between groups with low and high red blood cell acetylcholinesterase (RBC-AChE) activity. A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted amongst patients who were within 3 months after an acute organophosphate or carbamate poisoning (acute group) and amongst vegetable farmers with low (chronic group) and high (control group) RBC-AChE activity. Acute (366 mU/μM Hb) and chronic (361 mU/μM Hb) groups had significantly lower RBC-AChE activity in comparison to the control (471 mU/μM Hb) group (P < 0.0001). Only the acute group, which has had atropine therapy, showed a significantly lower 120 min value in comparison to the control group (P = 0.0028). Also, the acute group had significantly low late (P = 0.0287) and total (P = 0.0358) responses of GLP-1 in comparison to the control group. The findings of the study allude towards attenuation of GLP-1 response amongst patients after acute organophosphate and carbamate poisoning. The possibility of an atropine-mediated attenuation of GLP-1 response was discussed.

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