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Surface-type chondromyxoid fibroma in an elderly patient: a case report and literature review.

Skeletal Radiology 2018 November 30
Chondromyxoid fibroma (CMF) is a rare benign bone neoplasm that typically occurs in young adults. Juxtacortical or surface-type CMF are rarer still and we present the case of a surface-type CMF in a 78-year-old woman, with only one other case described in a patient of a similar age previously. This patient was an otherwise healthy woman who presented for evaluation of a palpable lump in the anterior proximal tibia. Initial radiographs obtained demonstrated a focal soft tissue fullness immediately anterior to the anterior cortex of the proximal tibia, which contained faint chondroid-like matrix internally. There was associated scalloping of the anterior tibial cortex. MRI confirmed the presence of a juxtacortical, enhancing lesion. Subsequent excisional biopsy was performed and histopathology demonstrated features, which was consistent with surface-type CMF. At a 6-month follow-up the patient remained free of recurrence. In a patient of this age, paraosteal chondrosarcoma should be excluded. Surface-type CMF, although rare, has been described in older patients and while it is unlikely to feature in a list of differential considerations on initial imaging, awareness of the entity is important.

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