Common allergens present in personal care products: identification, diagnosis, and management

Margaret Chou, Daniela Mikhaylov, Tamara Lazic Strugar
Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery 2018, 37 (4): 254-262
The incidence of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) reactions to personal care products has progressively increased, affecting women more so than men. Fragrances and preservatives are the major sensitizers behind cosmetic-induced ACD, due to their ubiquitous presence in these products, though emulsifiers, ultraviolet filters, and botanical allergens have been implicated as well. While patch testing is the standard for diagnosing ACD, many cosmetic-specific antigens are not currently included within the commercially available kits. Therefore, patch testing for potential cosmetic-induced ACD should be supplemented with additional compounds commonly found in personal use products. Effective treatment of ACD must involve accurate identification and removal of the offending agent.

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