Intravenous catheter-related adverse events exceed drug-related adverse events in outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy

Jonathan Underwood, Michael Marks, Steve Collins, Sarah Logan, Gabriele Pollara
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 2019 March 1, 74 (3): 787-790

BACKGROUND: Drug-related adverse events (AEs) are reported to be common amongst patients receiving outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT). However, comparative data regarding intravenous (iv) catheter-related AEs are lacking.

OBJECTIVES: To compare drug- and iv catheter-related AEs from a large UK OPAT centre.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed 544 OPAT episodes [median (IQR) age: 57 (39-71) years, 60% male, 13% with diabetes] with a median (IQR) duration of 7 (2-18) days. Clinically significant drug- and iv catheter-related AEs were calculated as a percentage of OPAT episodes with an AE and also as AEs per 1000 iv drug/catheter days.

RESULTS: Drug-related AEs complicated 13 (2.4%) OPAT episodes at 1.7 (95% CI 0.9-2.9) per 1000 drug days. Catheter-related AEs occurred more frequently, complicating 32 (5.9%) episodes at 5.7 (95% CI 4.2-7.9) per 1000 iv catheter days (χ2 test for difference in AE rate: P < 0.001). Non-radiologically guided midline catheters were associated with the most frequent AEs (n = 23) at 15.6 (95% CI 10.3-23.4) per 1000 iv catheter days compared with other types of iv catheters (HR 8.4, 95% CI 2.4-51.9, P < 0.004), and self-administration was associated with a higher rate of catheter-related AEs at 12.0 (95% CI 6.0-23.9) per 1000 iv catheter days (HR 4.15, 95% CI 1.7-9.1, P = 0.007).

CONCLUSIONS: Clinically significant iv catheter-related AEs occurred more frequently than drug-related AEs, especially when using non-radiologically guided midline catheters. Regular review of the need for iv therapy and switching to oral antimicrobials when appropriate is likely to minimize OPAT-related AEs.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"