The outcomes of children with tracheostomy in a tertiary care pediatric intensive care unit in Turkey

Fulya Kamit Can, Ayşe Berna Anıl, Murat Anıl, Murat Gümüşsoy, Hale Çitlenbik, Tolga Kandoğan, Neslihan Zengin
Türk Pediatri Arşivi 2018, 53 (3): 177-184

Aim: We aimed to describe which clinical characteristics were associated with the outcome of tracheostomy in our tertiary care pediatric intensive care unit.

Material and Methods: This was a retrospective review of medical records of pediatric patients who underwent tracheostomy in our Pediatric Intensive Care unit from 2008 to 2014 in Turkey.

Results: Sixty-three patients were included the study. The median age of patients was 11 (range, 1-195) months. Twenty-five (39.7%) patients were female. The tracheostomy rate was 8.5% over a six-year period. Forty-nine (77.7%) patients were able to be discharged and sent home. The decannulation rate was 12.6% (n=8). The indications for tracheostomy were upper airway obstruction (n=9) and prolonged mechanical ventilation (n=54). The median intubation period before tracheostomy was 32 (range, 1-122) days and the median duration of pediatric intensive care unit stay after tracheostomy was 37 days. A total of 21 (52.5%) patients were weaned off mechanical ventilation. The rate of successful weaning from mechanical ventilation was higher in patients with upper airway obstruction than in those in the prolonged mechanical ventilation group (p=0.021). The complication rate was 25.3% in the pediatric intensive care unit and 11.1% at home.

Conclusions: Tracheostomy seems safe and improves pediatric patients' outcomes. The most important factor that affects the prognosis of children who underwent tracheostomy is the indication for tracheostomy. The outcomes are always better if the tracheostomy has been performed because of upper airway obstruction. Performing tracheostomy helps weaning from and off ventilator support and finally the discharge of patients with prolonged mechanical ventilation from the pediatric intensive care unit setting.


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