JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Laparoscopic Ladd's procedure for malrotation in infants and children is still a controversial approach.

BACKGROUND: Open Ladd's procedure is the gold standard for the correction of intestinal malrotation and laparoscopic approach remains controversial. This study aimed to evaluate our experience in laparoscopic management of malrotation.

METHODS: Single center retrospective study including patients who underwent a laparoscopic assessment of intestinal malrotation with correction if appropriate between 2007 and 2017.

RESULTS: Sixty-five patients (median age 7 months) had a laparoscopic assessment with and without correction of malrotation. Forty-five (69%) were symptomatic, including 16 (25%) with a midgut volvulus. The procedure was completed laparoscopically in 55 (86%) patients in 110 min (30-190). Conversions happened more frequently at the beginning of the experience. With a follow-up of 12.5 months (8 days-5.3 years), morbidity rate was 15% and 4 (6%) patients underwent a redo surgery, all in the first 5 months after surgery, compared with 3/53 (6%) in a contemporaneous group undergoing open Ladd's.

CONCLUSION: This is the largest series reported so far of the laparoscopic management of malrotation. Laparoscopic Ladd's procedure is reliable but still exposes to open conversion which may be in part owing to a learning curve. A low conversion threshold is important in cases with volvulus. The redo rate is similar to that of the open procedure.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III retrospective comparative treatment study.

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