A simplified percutaneous technique for inserting Tenckhoff catheters for peritoneal dialysis

Shiyue Zhao, Xueyan Zhu, Qi Li, Bai Zhu, Yangwei Wang, Wenpeng Cui, Xiaoxi Zhou, Yan Lou, Jing Sun, Lining Miao
Clinical Nephrology 2019, 91 (1): 17-24

AIM: Successful catheter implantation is highly essential for delivering effective peritoneal dialysis (PD). The aim of the present study was to describe a newly developed, minimally invasive percutaneous technique for providing safe, timely, and effective peritoneal catheter insertion and assess the long-term outcome.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 PD catheters were placed in 100 consecutive patients by a nephrologist using the modified percutaneous technique with a special trocar, from August 1, 2010 to December 31, 2011. The patients were followed up until October 31, 2015. Demographic and clinical features of study subjects, duration of hospital stay, follow-up time, complications, and catheter survival were assessed in all patients.

RESULTS: The patient study group included 47 men and 53 women, with a mean age of 55.3 ± 13.7 years. The mean hospitalization time was 17.1 ± 8.6 days, and the mean duration of follow-up was 44.7 ± 15.1 months. 71 patients were still on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis at the time of study completion. Peritonitis was the most common complication observed, with an incidence of 28%. None of the patients experienced surgical complications such as bleeding or incisional hernia. The mean catheter survival time was 57.0 ± 1.5 months.

CONCLUSION: Peritoneal catheter placement using our modified percutaneous technique is simple, safe, minimally invasive, and efficient. It carried less morbidity with respect to bowel perforation, catheter-related infection, and exit-site leak.

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