Reconstruction of the Forehead and Scalp

Benjamin D Bradford, Judy W Lee
Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America 2019, 27 (1): 85-94
Tissue inelasticity and the hair-bearing nature of the scalp and forehead pose unique challenges during reconstruction. A thorough understanding of the surgical anatomy of the scalp and forehead is paramount for optimal reconstructive outcomes. Primary wound closure is usually preferred over secondary intention healing and skin grafting. Use of dermal alternatives and tissue expansion are adjunctive therapies to facilitate scalp wound closure. Local skin and soft tissue flaps are commonly used for most small to medium defects; however, microsurgical free tissue transfer can be considered for large full-thickness skin defects of the forehead and scalp.

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