Periauricular Purse-String Reinforced with SMAS plication and Malaria Fat Pad Elevation for Mid-and Lower Facial Rejuvenation: FACE-Q Report

Rongrong Wang, Jie Yang, Ke Guo, Aimei Zhong, Jing Tong, Lingyun Xiong, Jiaming Sun
Annals of Plastic Surgery 2018, 81 (6S Suppl 1): S59-S65

BACKGROUND: Facial aging is a complex process influencing every layer of the facial structure. Most accepted surgical techniques for facial rejuvenation involve certain manipulation of the superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS). Out of these SMAS-based techniques, SMAS plication or suspension provides excellent outcomes with shorter convalescence and fewer potential complications. Herein, we would like to present our own technique combining SMAS plication, periauricular purse-string, and malar fat pad elevation technique for mid and lower facelift.

METHODS: Through a classical periauricular and temporal incision, a periauricular permanent purse-string suture was woven into the SMAS to suspend sagging soft tissue of the mid and lower face after superficial undermining, then plication of inner and outer SMAS of the purse-string loop was performed to further secure suspension, and at last the malar fat pad was elevated for midface rejuvenation. The shape of the loop varies with patients' age; for younger patients, the loop is more vertical, and for older patients, the loop is more horizontal. Patient-reported outcomes were described using the FACE-Q questionnaire.

RESULTS: From January 2010 to June 2015, a total of 138 patients were treated with this technique by a same surgeon. Follow-up duration ranged from 1 to 6 years. Preoperative and postoperative photographs were recorded and analyzed. The complications rates were low, and satisfaction rates were high. Patients felt that they appeared 7.3 years younger than their actual age on average and were most satisfied with the appearance of their lower face and jawline.

CONCLUSIONS: Periauricular purse-string reinforced with SMAS plication and malar fat pad elevation technique produces esthetically pleasing outcomes, besides being simple, safe, and personalized.

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