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Nurses' Knowledge and Attitudes Toward Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Adult Patients With Cancer in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia: A Qualitative Study

Juliana Christina, Wendy Abigail, Lesley A Cuthbertson, Dean Whitehead
Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association 2018 November 10, : 898010118811047
The aim of this study was to explore nurses' knowledge and attitudes toward the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among cancer patients in a palliative care setting. A descriptive qualitative approach was used in this study. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 10 nurses recruited using purposive sampling. The data were analyzed using an inductive semantic approach. Thematic analysis identified that nurses possess limited knowledge of CAM. Nurses were skeptical toward CAM and less confident to recommend its use. Four main themes (and two subthemes) emerged: Understanding of CAM, Hesitative Attitudes, Personal Experience, and Preferences in Learning about CAM. There is a need to integrate CAM topics into nursing education programs in order to develop nurses' knowledge and build positive attitudes toward CAM use. Sufficient knowledge and positive attitudes toward CAM would support safety and quality of care in management of patients with cancer who use or are contemplating using CAM.


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