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Autoantibody and metalloproteinase activity in early arthritis.

Clinical Rheumatology 2018 November 8
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the frequency of anti-mutated citrullinated vimentin antibodies (a-Sa), anti-citrullinated α-enolase peptide 1 antibodies (a-CEP-1), anti-filaggrin antibodies (AFAs), heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein compies/anti-RA33-antibodies (a-hnRNP/RA33), anti-carbamylated protein antibodies (a-CarP), and metalloproteinase (MMPs) activity in patients with early inflammatory arthritis (EIA).

METHODS: Seventy-four patients with EIA: 51 diagnosed with RA (rheumatoid arthritis) and 23 with UA (undifferentiated arthritis), and 20 healthy volunteers were enrolled to the study. Inflammatory markers, rheumatoid factor (RF), and antibodies mentioned above were assessed in all patients.

RESULTS: In the EIA group, we observed significantly higher concentration of a-CEP-1 (65.8 ± 111.6 RU/mL) than in controls (2.0 ± 0.0 RU/mL). In RF(+) RA patients, we observed higher concentration of a-Sa and a-CEP-1 than in other groups. A-Sa were positive in 69% of RF(+) RA, 37% of RF(-) RA, 26% of UA patients and in 10% of controls. A-CEP-1 were positive in 77% of RF(+) RA patients, in 56% of RF(-) RA patients, in 8.7% of UA patients, but they were negative in controls. In patients with RF(+) RA, positive a-CarP were present statistically significantly more often than in RF (-) RA patients. No statistically significant difference in frequency of a-hnRNP/RA33 and AFA between RF(+) RA, RF(-) RA, and UA was observed.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that a-CEP-1 may help in differentiation between RF(-) RA and UA. a-CEP-1 and a-Sa may be useful while diagnosing EIA. a-CarP may be used in differentiation of RA RF(-) and UA. However, a follow-up study is needed to evaluate the prognostic value of analyzed antibodies.

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