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Activity of ceftolozane/tazobactam against a collection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from bloodstream infections in Australia

A Henderson, E Tan, K L McCarthy, D L Paterson
Pathology 2018 November 1
30392710
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a common pathogen causing nosocomial infection. In particular, bloodstream infection (BSI) is associated with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. Ceftolozane/tazobactam is a new β-lactam/β-lactamase antimicrobial with activity against P. aeruginosa as well as multidrug resistant (MDR) Gram negative Enterobacteriaceae. Ceftolozane/tazobactam has frequently been used in salvage therapy for MDR P. aeruginosa infections. The aim of this study was to determine the activity of ceftolozane/tazobactam against P. aeruginosa isolates from BSIs collected from three clinical microbiology laboratories in Queensland, Australia, with a high proportion of isolates demonstrating β-lactam resistance. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by broth microdilution using custom made sensititre plates sourced from ThermoFisher Scientific. In addition to ceftolozane/tazobactam, we also tested piperacillin/tazobactam, ceftazidime, cefepime, meropenem, doripenem, imipenem, aztreonam, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, gentamicin, amikacin, tobramycin and colistin. Overall, ceftolozane/tazobactam was the most active agent tested [(MIC50/90  = 1/2 μg/mL, 96% susceptible (S)]. Against 44 isolates with resistance to at least one other β-lactam agent, 40 were susceptible to ceftolozane/tazobactam. Three ceftolozane/tazobactam resistant isolates were susceptible to colistin, with one of those isolates also susceptible to levofloxacin but not to any other antimicrobials tested. One ceftolozane/tazobactam resistant isolate was susceptible only to meropenem and doripenem but was non-susceptible to imipenem. An association was found between fluoroquinolone resistance and aminoglycoside resistance but not with β-lactam resistance. In summary, ceftolozane/tazobactam was active against most strains tested, including those resistant to other β-lactams. Laboratories should consider testing P. aeruginosa against ceftolozane/tazobactam in suspected MDR or extensively drug resistant (XDR) infections.

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