Damage control surgery for perforated diverticulitis: a two center experience with two different abdominal negative pressure therapy devices

Elisabeth Gasser, Perathoner Alexander, Sylvia Reich-Weinberger, Selina Buchner, Pamela Kogler, Matthias Zitt, Reinhold Kafka-Ritsch, Dietmar Öfner
Acta Chirurgica Belgica 2018 November 2, : 1-6

PURPOSE: The adoption of abdominal negative pressure therapy (NPT) during urgent laparotomy has shown to be helpful to control abdominal sepsis, improve morbidity and increase anastomosis rate. The aim of this study was to compare feasibility and outcome of two different abdominal negative pressure devices.

METHODS: The retrospective two-center study includes 78 consecutive patients with perforated sigmoid diverticulitis, who underwent urgent laparotomy using the ABThera™ (KCI, Wien, Austria) abdominal NPT device (Group A, n = 51) or the Suprasorb® CNP (Lohmann & Rauscher, Wien, Austria) abdominal NPT device (Group B, n = 27).

RESULTS: The mean length of abdominal NPT was 3.6 days in Group A and 2.8 days in Group B. Revisional surgery after closure of the abdomen was necessary due to surgical site infections, fascial dehiscence or anastomotic insufficiency in 25% and 29%, respectively. NPT-associated complications like fistula formation or acute bleeding were not observed. Mortality was 15% (Group A) and 7% (Group B).

CONCLUSION: Despite the good feasibility and the well-known positive effect of abdominal NPT, perforated diverticulitis is still associated with high morbidity. However, the analysis did not show significant differences between the two abdominal NPT devices.

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