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JOURNAL ARTICLE

Utility of cone-beam CT imaging for the determination of feeding vessels during arterial embolization for massive hemoptysis

Guanghui He, Tongyuan Li, Jun Tang, Guodong Zhang
Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology 2018, 24 (6): 372-377
30373725

PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the role of cone-beam computed tomography (CT) performed as an adjunct to angiography for the determination of feeding vessels responsible for bleeding during arterial embolization for massive hemoptysis.

METHODS: In this retrospective study, 23 patients with massive hemoptysis who underwent cone-beam CT evaluation prior to arterial embolization from December 2014 to December 2017 were included. During the angiographic session, two interventional radiologists selected the possible feeding vessels that were likely to supply the bleeding target lesions. Contrast-enhanced cone-beam CT was performed at the indefinite feeding arteries as an adjunct to angiography to determine whether the artery was a real feeding vessel, based on whether the target lesion was detected in the perfused territory of the study artery on images.

RESULTS: Selective cone-beam CT was successfully performed in 21 patients, at 26 possible feeding vessels that were detected by selective angiography. Cone-beam CT determined the feeding vessel in 24 arteries (92.3%) in 19 patients (90.5%). As a result of cone-beam CT findings, 16 of 24 study arteries were judged as definitively not feeding vessels (66.7%) and the remaining 8 study arteries were judged as definitively feeding vessels (33.3%). In 2 of 26 study arteries cone-beam CT could not determine the feeding vessel (7.7%).

CONCLUSION: Cone-beam CT performed as an adjunctive technique to angiography is sufficient to provide adequate information for confident determination of the feeding vessel, which is essential for the operators to perform accurate embolization during arterial embolization for massive hemoptysis.

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