Incidence and Outcomes of Perforated Peptic Ulcers in Children: Analysis of the Kid's Inpatient Database and Report of Two Cases Treated by Laparoscopic Omental Patch Repair

Armando Salim Munoz Abraham, Hector Osei, Alice Martino, Sakina Kazmi, Saurabh Saxena, Colleen M Fitzpatrick, Gustavo A Villalona
Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A 2019, 29 (2): 248-255

INTRODUCTION: Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a rare condition in children. Perforated peptic ulcer (PPU), a complication of PUD has an estimated mortality between 1.3% and 20%. We evaluate incidence and outcomes of PPU in children using an administrative database, perform a review of the literature, and report our technique for laparoscopic omental patch repair for PPU in two pediatric patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Kids' inpatient database (KID's) was analyzed for demographics, incidence, and outcomes. Incidence for each year was calculated based on the reported pediatric population in the United States for 2000, 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012 by the U.S. Census Bureau. Additionally, we present two PPU cases, accompanied by a comprehensive review of the literature.

RESULTS: The annual number of primary discharge diagnosis of PPU in the KID was 178 cases for 2000, 252 for 2003, 255 for 2006, 299 for 2009, and 266 for 2012. An increase trend over time was noted between 2000 and 2009; however, it was not statistically significant (0.05). PPU appears to be more common in Caucasian teenage boys. The mean length of stay was 8.02 days and with a statistically significant increase in healthcare charges ($33,187 versus $78,142, Pā€‰=ā€‰.002) when comparing year 2000-2012.

DISCUSSION: PPU is a rare cause of abdominal pain in children, but still a PUD complication that requires surgery. PPU should be included in the differential diagnosis in patients presenting with acute abdominal pain of uncertain etiology and pneumoperitoneum. Laparoscopy is both diagnostic and therapeutic. Laparoscopic omental patch repair is a safe and effective treatment for PPUs.

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