What Is Known About Preventing, Detecting, and Reversing Prescribing Cascades: A Scoping Review

Hana Brath, Nishila Mehta, Rachel D Savage, Sudeep S Gill, Wei Wu, Susan E Bronskill, Lynn Zhu, Jerry H Gurwitz, Paula A Rochon
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 2018, 66 (11): 2079-2085

OBJECTIVES: To systematically describe the resources available on preventing, detecting, and reversing prescribing cascades using a scoping review methodology.

MEASUREMENTS: We searched Medline, EMBASE, PsychINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, and Sociological Abstracts from inception until July 2017. Other searches (Google Scholar, hand searches) and expert consultations were performed for resources examining how to prevent, detect, or reverse prescribing cascades. We used these three categories along the prescribing continuum as an organizing framework to categorize and synthesize resources.

RESULTS: Of 369 resources identified, 58 met inclusion criteria; 29 of these were categorized as preventing, 20 as detecting, and 9 as reversing prescribing cascades. Resources originated from 14 countries and mostly focused on older adults. The goal of preventing resources was to educate and increase general awareness of the concept of prescribing cascades as a way to prevent inappropriate prescribing and to illustrate application of the concept to specific drugs (e.g., anticholinergics) and conditions (e.g., inflammatory bowel disease). Detecting resources included original investigations or case reports that identified prescribing cascades using health administrative data, patient cohorts, and novel sources such as social media. Reversing prescribing cascade resources focused on the medication review process and deprescribing initiatives.

CONCLUSION: Prescribing cascades are a recognized problem internationally. By learning from the range of resources to prevent, detect, and reverse prescribing cascades, this review contributes to improving drug prescribing, especially in older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc 66:2079-2085, 2018.


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