JOURNAL ARTICLE

Diagnosis and treatment of anterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo

Xia Ling, Kang-Zhi Li, Bo Shen, Li-Hong Si, Yuan Hong, Xu Yang
International Journal of Audiology 2018, 57 (9): 673-680
30318958

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnosis and treatment of anterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (AC-BPPV).

DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of clinical data regarding the diagnosis and treatment of patients with AC-BPPV.

STUDY SAMPLE: Six patients with AC-BPPV.

RESULTS: All patients underwent the Dix-Hallpike test and/or the straight head-hanging test to induce vertigo and down-beating nystagmus with or without torsional components. Down-beating nystagmus in patients 1, 3 and 6 lasted <1 min and was successfully treated with the Yacovino manoeuvre. Down-beating nystagmus in patients 2, 4 and 5 lasted >1 min. The Yacovino manoeuvre was not effective in patient 4, whereas it was effective in patient 2 but with frequently recurring symptoms. Patients 3, 4 and 6 also had other types of typical BPPV. Canal conversion appeared in patients 4 and 5 during the follow-up period.

CONCLUSION: Typical BPPV, canal conversion, a therapeutic diagnosis after applying the Yacovino manoeuvre, and the follow-up outcome contribute to AC-BPPV diagnosis in patients with dizziness and vertigo presenting with down-beating positional nystagmus. Yacovino manoeuvre was more effective in AC-BPPV patients with down-beating positional nystagmus lasted <1 min than in those in whom it lasted >1 min.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
30318958
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"